Canadian scientists find key to high-quality, eco-friendly chocolate

  
Via:  Buzz of the Orient  •  2 months ago  •  12 comments

By:    Anthony Vasquez-Peddie - Canada Telebision News

Canadian scientists find key to high-quality, eco-friendly chocolate
 

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Canadian scientists find key to high-quality, eco-friendly chocolate

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Chocolatier Sam Anderson prepares chocolate Easter eggs in advance of Easter Sunday at Stubbe Chocolates & Pastry in Toronto, April 23, 2011. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darren Calabrese

TORONTO -- Food scientists at the University of Guelph have discovered an easier and greener way to produce high-quality chocolate that melts in your mouth.

The team of researchers found that adding a small concentration of a saturated phospholipid from cocoa butter to melted chocolate helps it to achieve the perfect structure in a way that is less time-consuming and costly than the traditional "tempering" method.

"The structure of chocolate depends, believe it or not, on the crystals of cocoa butter, the fat that is present in chocolate," Alejandro Marangoni, food science professor at the University of Guelph and co-author of the study, told CTVNews.ca on Tuesday. "What is remarkable is that this ingredient, added at only 0.1% concentration, can actually direct the whole formation of the right crystal form with the right properties without having to do this really complicated tempering procedure."

Good chocolate has a glossy look, snaps predictably when broken and melts at just the right temperature. Traditionally, chocolate makers would achieve this by tempering—repeatedly heating and cooling melted chocolate to coax the fatty acid crystals in the cocoa butter into a stable form.

Master chocolatiers can perform tempering by eye, but large-scale manufacturers, faced with high demand, are unable to do so and have therefore spent a lot of time and money on automated tempering processes.

"Companies have tempering machines up to three storeys high," Marangoni said. "We wanted to figure out if we could simplify this whole thing."

For  the study , published Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications, researchers looked to the individual components of chocolate and cocoa butter for a solution, and that's when they made their discovery. By adding the saturated phospholipid to melted chocolate and cooling it just once to room temperature, they were able to achieve the optimal crystalline structure.

"That one [ingredient] accelerated the crystallization, so it made it go faster and made it go faster in the right form," Marangoni said. "It was really cool to find one that could, maybe, preclude the need for doing this complicated heating and cooling and shearing process."

It's a finding that could help level the playing field for small- and medium-sized chocolate producers who can't afford huge tempering machines, while also reducing their carbon footprint, according to Marangoni.

"Adding this would help people actually achieve the quality of well-made chocolate," he said. "There's also decreased energy costs."

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Buzz of the Orient
Professor Principal
1  seeder  Buzz of the Orient    2 months ago

Other than actually having us learn something new that is beneficial, hopefully this article will knock a political article off the Home (Front) Page.

 
 
 
devangelical
Professor Principal
1.1  devangelical  replied to  Buzz of the Orient @1    2 months ago

my gratitude for the valiant attempt at the temporary displacement of fact free propaganda.

 
 
 
Buzz of the Orient
Professor Principal
1.1.1  seeder  Buzz of the Orient  replied to  devangelical @1.1    2 months ago

What the late (and missed) Dowser used to do was promote for a bunch of us to post articles/seeds at the same time to push the nasty political stuff right off the Home (Front) Page. 

 
 
 
devangelical
Professor Principal
1.1.2  devangelical  replied to  Buzz of the Orient @1.1.1    2 months ago

one of my very first friends on NV, and my first friend here.

 
 
 
pat wilson
Professor Guide
1.1.3  pat wilson  replied to  devangelical @1.1.2    2 months ago

Dowser was the very best. I miss her a lot.

 
 
 
Raven Wing
Professor Principal
1.1.4  Raven Wing  replied to  pat wilson @1.1.3    2 months ago
Dowser was the very best. I miss her a lot.

Indeed, I miss her so very much. She was such a sweet and kind person who looked for the good in people instead of the bad.

 
 
 
Kavika
Professor Principal
2  Kavika     2 months ago

Chocolate is one of the basic foods for human survival.

 
 
 
Gsquared
Junior Principal
2.1  Gsquared  replied to  Kavika @2    2 months ago

Chocolate is one of the major food groups.

 
 
 
devangelical
Professor Principal
2.1.1  devangelical  replied to  Gsquared @2.1    2 months ago

it's edible crack, just admit it, I did. now I can go weeks without any chocolate, then comes the bender.

 
 
 
devangelical
Professor Principal
2.2  devangelical  replied to  Kavika @2    2 months ago

it gives me heartburn, but I confess that's usually after 2 candy bars... or more...

 
 
 
Buzz of the Orient
Professor Principal
3  seeder  Buzz of the Orient    2 months ago

I eat a small piece of dark chocolate after lunch every day.- I believe it has a benefit with respect to health of the heart. 

 
 
 
devangelical
Professor Principal
3.1  devangelical  replied to  Buzz of the Orient @3    2 months ago

... uh-huh.

 
 
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