What a Year in Space Did to Scott Kelly

  
Via:  Split Personality  •  one month ago  •  11 comments

What a Year in Space Did to Scott Kelly
An unprecedented and illuminating study monitored identical twins, one in space and one on Earth.

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In the debate over whether human beings should set off to other worlds beyond Earth, one of the most compelling cons is this: Our bodies don’t like it.
Few people know this better than Scott Kelly, the NASA astronaut who spent nearly a year on the International Space Station from 2015 to 2016. Like other astronauts, Kelly served as a test subject in the study of space travel’s effects on the human body. Unlike other astronauts, Kelly has an identical twin, Mark, an astronaut himself. This gave researchers an uncommon opportunity to monitor the two brothers as they lived in two very different environments—one on Earth and the other 250 miles above it.




According to their results, published Thursday in Science, Scott experienced a number of changes that Mark did not. Most of those changes went away after Scott returned to Earth. The long stint in space, the researchers say, produced some unexpected changes—but did not lead to any clinically significant health differences.
The body, sensing and reacting to weightlessness, bristles at life in space. Fluids float freely and clog the sinuses, giving faces a puffy appearance. Bones, relieved of the job of bearing weight, thin. Muscles, faced with the same, atrophy. Parts of the eyeball, for reasons scientists are still trying to pin down, become squished or swollen. And from head to toe, cells, exposed to unearthly levels of radiation, become more at risk for cancer.








Only the brain seems to love it; after all, it’s the one that fervently processes the beautiful views of the gleaming planet below, delights in the somersaults made natural by microgravity, and comprehends—or at least attempts to comprehend—the wonder of being there, in outer space.

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Split Personality
1  seeder  Split Personality    one month ago

Space, the ultimate frontier.

How far can we go if our bodies can't really handle it?

No politics please.

 
 
 
βΔĐ₣ƗŞĦ ĦΔŇĐ Ø₣ ĐØØΜ
2  βΔĐ₣ƗŞĦ ĦΔŇĐ Ø₣ ĐØØΜ    one month ago

Now that the private space exploration has begun, we are going to go much further much sooner.

 
 
 
Split Personality
2.1  seeder  Split Personality  replied to  βΔĐ₣ƗŞĦ ĦΔŇĐ Ø₣ ĐØØΜ @2    one month ago

But unless they can figure out the gravity and radiation issues

astronauts can only go so far before they have to come back to avoid sickness.

Or we build space bots to do everything for us.

 
 
 
Trout Giggles
3  Trout Giggles    one month ago

Our bodies like gravity. We evolved on Earth that has an abundance of gravity (for a lack of better way of expressing it) and so things work better....like our eyeballs.

Parts of the eyeball, for reasons scientists are still trying to pin down, become squished or swollen.

Our eyeballs float on a sea of liquid.....they already stated that the lack of gravity messes with the fluid in our bodies.

 
 
 
Split Personality
3.1  seeder  Split Personality  replied to  Trout Giggles @3    one month ago

EEEwwww.

 
 
 
Ender
4  Ender    one month ago

In the movies they always spin to create gravity.

 
 
 
Split Personality
4.1  seeder  Split Personality  replied to  Ender @4    one month ago

That, in theory creates centrifugal force which would allow people to walk normally on the inner walls of the outside skine of the presumably cylindrical spaceship.

only true mass can create the gravity we are used to.

 
 
 
Trout Giggles
4.1.1  Trout Giggles  replied to  Split Personality @4.1    one month ago

Then how did the Enterprise do it?

 
 
 
Ender
4.1.2  Ender  replied to  Split Personality @4.1    one month ago
The clouds are really cheap
The way I seen 'em thru the ports
Of which there is a half-a-dozen
On the base of my resorz
You wouldn't think I'd have too many
Since I never cared for sports
But I'm never really lonely
In my Excentrifugal Forz
There's always Korla Plankton
Him 'n me can play the blues
An' then I'll watch him buff that
Tiny ruby that he use
He'll straighten up his turban
An' eject a little ooze
Along a one-celled Hammond Organism
Underneath my shoes
An' then I'll call Pup Tentacle
I'll ask him how's his chin
I'll find out
How the future is
Because that's where he's been
His little feet got long 'n flexible
An' suckers fell right in
The time he crossed the line
From Later On to Way Back When
 
 
 
Enoch
5  Enoch    4 weeks ago

We are, by evolution and nature explorers.

Space presents unique challenges. 

I feel, over time we are up to meeting them.

Technology is a response to challenges in life.

Enoch.

 
 
 
Split Personality
5.1  seeder  Split Personality  replied to  Enoch @5    4 weeks ago

Thank you Enoch.

 
 
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