Category:  Mental Health and Wellness

Via:  badfish-hd-h-u  •  2 years ago  •  19 comments


S E E D E D   C O N T E N T

For many Americans, the anxiety surfaced on   Election Day of 2016 .

As the possibility of a   Hillary Clinton   victory began to slip away—and the possibility of a  Donald Trump  presidency became more and more certain—the contours of the new age of American anxiety began to   take shape . In a 2017 column,  Washington Post columnist Dana Milbank   described   this phenomenon as "Trump Hypertensive Unexplained Disorder":

Overeating. Headaches. Fainting. Irregular heartbeat. Chronic neck pain. Depression. Irritable bowel syndrome. Tightness in the chest. Shortness of breath. Teeth grinding. Stomach ulcer. Indigestion. Shingles. Eye twitching. Nausea. Irritability. High blood sugar. Tinnitus. Reduced immunity. Racing pulse. Shaking limbs. Hair loss. Acid reflux. Deteriorating vision. Stroke. Heart attack. It was a veritable organ recital.

Two years later, the physiological effects of the Trump administration aren't going away. A growing body of research has tracked the detrimental impacts of Trump-related stress on broad segments of the American population, from   young adults   to   women , to   racial and LGBT communities .

The results aren't good.

The   American Psychological Association 's 2016 "Stress in America" survey, conducted online among some 3,400 American adults and   published   in February of 2017, found that 63 percent of respondents regard the future of the country as "a significant source of stress"; some 56 percent "say that they are stressed by the current political climate." The 2018   edition   of the survey showed that the number of Americans who view the future of the country as a significant stressor had jumped to 69 percent; those who saw the political climate as a source of stress had jumped to 62 percent.

And this stress has metastasized in an observable phenomenon: Clinical psychologist Jennifer Panning   characterized the phenomenon   as "Trump Anxiety Disorder," a specific type of anxiety in which symptoms "were specific to the election of Trump and the resultant unpredictable sociopolitical climate." Others on the   right side   of the ideological spectrum have classified this anxiety as " Trump Derangement Syndrome ," a label that the president himself embraced:

The mechanics of stress are generally the same from person to person: Under trying conditions, we start producing a trifecta of hormones (adrenaline, cortisol, and norepinephrine) that forces your body to betray you.   The Atlantic 's Olga Khazan   diagnosed the process   nicely in 2015: "Adrenaline speeds up your heart rate and can raise blood pressure. Cortisol causes changes in the blood vessels that can, over time, increase the risk of heart attack or stroke." The cortisol, in turn, taps into your body fat for glucose, resulting in a boost in blood sugar and the compounds that can increase your risk of   chronic health problems . In the short-term, the body's hormone cocktail is a safety mechanism; in the long-term, it's a betrayal.

While the relationship between stress and physiological health is vague in terms of its scope and impact, research   generally indicates   that traumatic or trying events affect populations unequally, especially those events with second- and third-order outcomes (like, say, public policy). Conversely, susceptibility to stress-related occurrences varies on a population and individual basis.

Fortunately, these physiological systems are open to our medical gaze—and the results are not so surprising: Those who experienced the most stress belonged to communities that are, by and large, opposed to the policies embodied by Trump in the White House.

A 2018 study in the   Journal of GLBT Family Studies   revealed   "higher levels of stress pertaining to sexual orientation rumination, daily experiences of harassment/discrimination, [and] more symptoms of depression and anxiety" in the aftermath of the 2016 election. A similar study in   Child & Adolescent Psychiatry & Mental Health , published that same year,  revealed   outsized increases in stress levels among women and non-white participants, both of whom were more likely to report anxiety and depression.

Age is also a factor here. A 2018 study in   Psychoneuroendocrinology   revealed   elevated cortisol levels among young adults—a finding that tracks with the outsize relationship between the political climate and stress among the so-called "Generation Z" and "Millennial" generations   uncovered   in the 2018 American Psychological Association stress survey.

"Individual responses to sociopolitical events, like an election, are not distributed evenly across different groups of people," Lindsay Hoyt, the lead author of the  Psychoneuroendocrinology   paper,  told   PsyPost. "In terms of this study, we found that most individuals reported an increase in negative mood in the days leading up to the election, and a spike on election night, but, overall, emotional and physiological responses were largely dependent upon gender, ethnicity/race, and political attitudes."

The causal relationship between a Trump-related anxiety and health problems is relatively clear; the culpability of the Trump administration in "making" Americans crazier is less so. The  Child & Adolescent Psychiatry & Mental Health   study   notes   that, following the 2008 presidential election, supporters of Republican presidential candidate   John McCain   showed a higher stress-related cortisol than those who voted for   Barack Obama . And a   2010 study , also in  Psychoneuroendocrinology,  notes that "Societal shifts in political dominance can impact biological stress responses in voters whose political party becomes sociopolitically subordinate." Put simply: To the victor go the physiological spoils.

Except that, in the case of the Trump administration, those spoils came with significant consequences for the "sociopolitically subordinate"—namely, those minority or marginalized populations who didn't vote for Trump. It's not just the promulgation of public policies threatening traditionally targeted populations (see: the so-called " religious liberty " doctrine), or the rollback of   civil rights protections . It's also the culture that's increasingly emerged following Trump's presidency: Inter-social oppression, from   bullying in the schoolyard   to   hate crimes in the streets , have only increased since Trump took office.

This creates a constant environment of stress, one that "can have negative health effects on people who have been direct targets of what they perceive as hostility or discrimination and on individuals and communities who feel vulnerable because they belong to a stigmatized, marginalized, or targeted group,"   according   to a   New England Journal of Medicine   survey of research. Heightened racial hostility has a   documented impact   on cortisol levels among vulnerable populations.

While Trump supporters may have experienced a boost in "psychological well-being, pride, and hope for the future," in the words of the  New England Journal of Medicine   researchers, his presidency has been a pit of despair for others.


jrDiscussion - desc
Release The Kraken
PhD Principal
2  seeder  Release The Kraken    2 years ago

Interesting article about the psychological impact of the Trump on some.

I'd be curious to study whether or not there was a predisposition for such issues.

Professor Principal
2.1  Texan1211  replied to  Release The Kraken @2    2 years ago

Do you mean whether they were predisposed to be snowflakes, or only became that way when Trump won?

Release The Kraken
PhD Principal
2.1.1  seeder  Release The Kraken  replied to  Texan1211 @2.1    2 years ago

I'm more concerned about actual mental health predispositions being triggered by an election. It seems unlikely but after this last election is appears to be all too real. 

Professor Principal
2.1.2  Texan1211  replied to  Release The Kraken @2.1.1    2 years ago

You may be onto something there. 

Seems like we might have a real epidemic on our hands.

Release The Kraken
PhD Principal
2.1.3  seeder  Release The Kraken  replied to  Texan1211 @2.1.2    2 years ago

You may be right, I've seen enough screaming and tears to warrant a national mental health emergency.

It Is ME
Masters Principal
3  It Is ME    2 years ago

I hear folks "Stress" out waaaaaay too much about the TV show "The Bachelor" ! (rolling eye face)

I blame shows like that for peoples stressing out even more about Trump ! (Smiley Face)

PhD Guide
4  Sunshine    2 years ago

What a bunch of rubbish.

These people where looney before Trump.  

Release The Kraken
PhD Principal
4.1  seeder  Release The Kraken  replied to  Sunshine @4    2 years ago

How about a little compassion for those Americans that are suffering from mental illness as a result of an election.

Let's hope for their recovery!

PhD Guide
4.1.1  Sunshine  replied to  Release The Kraken @4.1    2 years ago
little compassion for those Americans

I do feel sorry for them.  

Professor Principal
5  JohnRussell    2 years ago

I wouldn't know about this. I don't get ulcers and anxiety and whatnot on forums, I give them.

Release The Kraken
PhD Principal
5.1  seeder  Release The Kraken  replied to  JohnRussell @5    2 years ago

That's really good to hear......jrSmiley_30_smiley_image.gif

Professor Principal
5.1.1  Texan1211  replied to  Release The Kraken @5.1    2 years ago

One of the side effects appear to be victims of this disease don't know when they have contracted it.

Sparty On
PhD Principal
5.2  Sparty On  replied to  JohnRussell @5    2 years ago
I give them.

Lol ..... only in your mind there buddy ..... only in your mind.

Sparty On
PhD Principal
6  Sparty On    2 years ago

But its been very positive for the GNP.   Specifically, Preparation-H and Binkie sales.  

Sales of that shits been through the roof since 2016.

Release The Kraken
PhD Principal
6.1  seeder  Release The Kraken  replied to  Sparty On @6    2 years ago

In case you didn't get the memo, capitalism causes mental illness too for those that suck at it.

Masters Participates
7  PJ    2 years ago

This president has done something unprecedented.   He is actively waging a war against his own people.  He is punishing Americans for a policy.  

Mitch McConnell should be removed from his position.  He has obfuscated his role and the Senate's position as an EQUAL branch of government.  He should follow regular order and bring the bills passed by Congress to a vote and allow the vote to dictate next steps.  If it fails then the responsibility goes back to Congress to try again.  If it passes then it goes to the President for him to sign or veto.

Professor Quiet
8  bbl-1    2 years ago

I read this article.  Taking it's premise at face value it is possible there is merit to a degree.

However, there is also this layman's observation.  The election of the Trump apparently has also been detrimental to the Trumps health.  And this of course is totally dependent upon the condition of the Trump's mental health before the election. 

Split Personality
PhD Principal
8.1  Split Personality  replied to  bbl-1 @8    2 years ago

This a old article from 1990 and a very long read, but may very well be worth it. 

It may or may not explain some of Trump's "history" ...


Professor Quiet
8.1.1  bbl-1  replied to  Split Personality @8.1    2 years ago

Have researched DJT for several years. 

Am flummoxed that a major American political party ( the GOP ) would even remotely entertain a Trump candidacy for anything.

Am further amazed that the tens of thousands of workers that were cheated, stiffed and short changed by the Trump Businesses were never used as a campaign issue by the legitimate republicans in the GOP Primary Exercise.


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