U.S. Calls for Pause on Johnson & Johnson Vaccine After Blood Clotting Cases

  

Category:  News & Politics

Via:  john-russell  •  4 weeks ago  •  6 comments

By:   Noah Weiland, Sharon LaFraniere and Carl Zimmer (MSN)

U.S. Calls for Pause on Johnson & Johnson Vaccine After Blood Clotting Cases
WASHINGTON — Federal health agencies on Tuesday called for an immediate pause in use of Johnson & Johnson's single-dose coronavirus vaccine after six recipients in the United States developed a rare disorder involving blood clots within about two weeks of vaccination. All six recipients were women between the ages of 18 and 48. One woman died and a second woman in Nebraska has been hospitalized in critical condition. Nearly seven million people...

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WASHINGTON — Federal health agencies on Tuesday called for an immediate pause in use of Johnson & Johnson's single-dose coronavirus vaccine after six recipients in the United States developed a rare disorder involving blood clots within about two weeks of vaccination.

e151e5.gif© Go Nakamura for The New York Times People receiving the Johnson & Johnson vaccine at a high school in Houston last month.

All six recipients were women between the ages of 18 and 48. One woman died and a second woman in Nebraska has been hospitalized in critical condition.

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Nearly seven million people in the United States have received Johnson & Johnson shots so far, and roughly nine million more doses have been shipped out to the states, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

"We are recommending a pause in the use of this vaccine out of an abundance of caution," Dr. Peter Marks, director of the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, and Dr. Anne Schuchat, principal deputy director of the C.D.C., said in a joint statement. "Right now, these adverse events appear to be extremely rare."

While the move was framed as a recommendation to health practitioners in the states, the federal government is expected to pause administration of the vaccine at all federally run vaccination sites. Federal officials expect that state health officials will take that as a strong signal to do the same. Within two hours of the announcement, Gov. Mike DeWine of Ohio, a Republican, advised all health providers in his state to temporarily stop giving Johnson & Johnson shots. New York State and Connecticut quickly followed suit.

Scientists with the F.D.A. and C.D.C. will jointly examine possible links between the vaccine and the disorder and determine whether the F.D.A. should continue to authorize use of the vaccine for all adults or limit the authorization. An emergency meeting of the C.D.C.'s outside advisory committee has been scheduled for Wednesday.

The move could substantially complicate the nation's vaccination efforts at a time when many states are confronting a surge in new cases and seeking to address vaccine hesitancy. Regulators in Europe and elsewhere are concerned about a similar issue with another coronavirus vaccine, developed by AstraZeneca and Oxford University researchers. That concern has driven up some resistance to all vaccines, even though the AstraZeneca version has not been authorized for emergency use in the United States.

The vast majority of the nation's vaccine supply comes from two other manufacturers, Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, which together deliver more than 23 million doses a week of their two-shot vaccines. There have been no significant safety concerns about either of those vaccines.

But while shipments of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine have been much more limited, the Biden administration had still been counting on using hundreds of thousands of doses every week. In addition to requiring only a single dose, the vaccine is easier to ship and store than the other two, which must be stored at extremely low temperatures.

Mark D. Levine, a New York City councilman, lamented on Twitter that the pause would be a "huge setback" for the city's vaccination program, which he said relies "entirely on J & J" to inoculate the homebound, reach small private doctors' offices and supply mobile vaccination vans.

"NYC now has the biggest messaging challenge yet in vaccination," he wrote. "We have to do everything possible to avoid a collapse in confidence in vaccination overall."

The development also throws a wrench into the Biden administration's plans to deliver enough vaccine to be able to inoculate all 260 million adults in the United States by the end of May. Now federal officials expect there will only be enough to cover fewer than 230 million adults. But a certain percentage of the population is expected to refuse shots, so the supply may cover all the demand.

Federal officials are concerned that doctors may not be trained to look for the rare disorder if recipients of the vaccine develop symptoms of it. The federal health agencies said Tuesday morning that "treatment of this specific type of blood clot is different from the treatment that might typically be administered" for blood clots.

"Usually, an anticoagulant drug called heparin is used to treat blood clots. In this setting, administration of heparin may be dangerous, and alternative treatments need to be given," the statement said.

In a news release, Johnson & Johnson said: "We are aware that thromboembolic events including those with thrombocytopenia have been reported with Covid-19 vaccines. At present, no clear causal relationship has been established between these rare events and the Janssen Covid-19 vaccine." Janssen is the name of Johnson & Johnson's division that developed the vaccine.

In the United States alone, 300,000 to 600,000 people a year develop blood clots, according to C.D.C. data. But the particular blood clotting disorder that the vaccine recipients developed, known as cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, is extremely rare.

All of the women developed the condition within about two weeks of vaccination, and government experts are concerned that an immune system response triggered by the vaccine was the cause. Federal officials said there was broad agreement in the senior ranks of the administration about the need to pause use of the vaccine while the cases are investigated.

The decision is a fresh blow to Johnson & Johnson. Late last month, the company discovered that workers at a Baltimore plant run by its subcontractor had accidentally contaminated a batch of vaccine, forcing the firm to throw out the equivalent of 13 million to 15 million doses. That plant was supposed to take over supply of the vaccine to the United States from Johnson & Johnson's Dutch plants, which were certified by federal regulators earlier this year.

The Baltimore plant's certification by the F.D.A. has now been delayed while inspectors investigate quality control issues, sharply reducing the supply of Johnson & Johnson vaccine. The sudden drop in available doses led to widespread complaints from governors and state health officials who had been expecting much bigger shipments of Johnson & Johnson's vaccine this week than they got.

States have been using the vaccine in a broad range of settings, including at mass vaccination sites and on college campuses. The vaccine's one-shot approach has proved popular, and officials have directed it to transient, rural and isolated communities where following up with a second dose is more complicated.

It is common for regulators to investigate "safety signals" in new vaccines and other medical products. Very often, the signals prove not to be of concern. But the concerns about Johnson & Johnson's vaccine mirror concerns about AstraZeneca's, which European regulators began investigating last month after some recipients developed blood clots.

Out of 34 million people who received the vaccine in Britain, the European Union and three other countries, 222 experienced blood clots that were linked with a low level of platelets. The majority of these cases occurred within the first 14 days following vaccination, mostly in women under 60 years of age.

On April 7, the European Medicines Agency, the main regulatory agency, concluded that the disorder was a very rare side effect of the vaccine. Researchers in Germany and Norway published studies on April 9 suggesting that in very rare cases, the AstraZeneca vaccine caused people to make antibodies that activated their own platelets.

Nevertheless, the regulators argued, the benefit of the vaccine — keeping people from being infected with the coronavirus or keeping those few who get Covid-19 out of the hospital — vastly outweighed that small risk. Countries in Europe and elsewhere continued to give the vaccine to older people, who face a high risk of severe disease and death from Covid-19, while restricting it in younger people.

Both AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson use the same platform for their vaccine, a virus known as an adenovirus. On Tuesday, the Australian government announced it would not purchase Johnson & Johnson vaccines. They cited Johnson & Johnson's use of an adenovirus. But there is no obvious reason adenovirus-based vaccines in particular would cause rare blood clots associated with low platelet levels.

AstraZeneca has not yet applied for an emergency use authorization in the United States.

The Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines use a different technology to produce immunity.

The first sign of concern about Johnson & Johnson's vaccine came on April 9, when the European Medicines Agency announced that it was investigating reports of four cases of blood clots in people who received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine in the United States. One case occurred in the clinical trial that took place before the vaccine was authorized. Three occurred in the vaccine rollout. One of them was fatal, the agency said.

The regulators described these reports as a "safety signal" — a cluster of cases requiring further investigation. But they said it wasn't clear if the vaccine caused the clots.

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JohnRussell
Professor Principal
1  seeder  JohnRussell    4 weeks ago

Go forward without Johnson and Johnson, thats all. 

Adapt and advance. 

 
 
 
Trout Giggles
Professor Principal
1.1  Trout Giggles  replied to  JohnRussell @1    4 weeks ago

I got the Johnson and Johnson. But I'm much older than 48 and I didn't have any problems

 
 
 
JohnRussell
Professor Principal
1.1.1  seeder  JohnRussell  replied to  Trout Giggles @1.1    4 weeks ago

Oh I'm sure the J & J vaccine is safe, but in this day and age everyone wants perfection. Just for appearances sake and to keep people interested in getting the vaccine they will likely have to stop using the J&J. 

 
 
 
FLYNAVY1
Professor Expert
2  FLYNAVY1    4 weeks ago

Based upon the data, I'd say pause to review these cases, but considering we are talking 1 death and 5 reactions out of seven million doses... I'd question the cause just out of statistical relevance.

The bigger question to me is J&Js manufacturing quality control.  Remember they just tossed 15 million doses.

 
 
 
Kathleen
PhD Principal
3  Kathleen    4 weeks ago

My husband, my daughter and I got the Johnson and Johnson vaccine. My husband got it a month ago and is okay. My daughter got it last Friday and I got it last Thursday. We had a reaction kind of like the mild flu and a sore arm but we are okay now. I guess we have to hope that it stays that way for a while....

 
 
 
JohnRussell
Professor Principal
4  seeder  JohnRussell    4 weeks ago
Dr.   Sanjay Gupta   is calling the FDA and CDC’s recommendation to pause the Johnson & Johnson vaccine “tough news,” and saying that public confidence could decrease as a result.

Appearing on   New Day   Tuesday, CNN’s chief medical correspondent discussed the handful of reported U.S. cases of a blood clot called cerebral venous sinus thrombosis — a rare blood clot discovered in six women from the ages of 18 to 48 out of 6.8 million Johnson & Johnson doses distributed in the nation to date. Gupta believes it is justifiable for people to feel some new concerns in the wake of the FDA and CDC recommendation.

“Look, this is a significant concern,” Gupta said of the blood clot. “It is rare, but it is one of those things now where, as a general rule, you’re giving vaccines to healthy people and people are going to look at this, and — I think understandably, at least with this Johnson & Johnson vaccine — say ‘I am worried about this. Is this the right thing for me?'”

The doctor went on to say that public confidence in the Johnson & Johnson vaccine may take a hit as a result of the pause.

“This is tough news to have to give because I think this is going to really shake confidence at least in the Johnson & Johnson vaccine in this country.” Gupta said. “And I think it’s going to be tough to regain some of that confidence.”

Later, on   CNN Newsroom , Gupta weighed in a CDC & FDA joint media call explaining their decision — and defended the recommendation to pause as the right call.” Still, he stressed the importance of emphasizing the rarity of the clot in order to assuage any concerns about the vaccine.

Sanjay Gupta: Johnson & Johnson Vaccine Pause Will 'Really Shake Confidence' (mediaite.com)
 
 
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