Fed Raises Interest Rates by 0.75 Percentage Point for Third Straight Meeting - WSJ

  

Category:  News & Politics

Via:  vic-eldred  •  6 days ago  •  16 comments

By:   Nick Timiraos (WSJ)

Fed Raises Interest Rates by 0.75 Percentage Point for Third Straight Meeting - WSJ
Officials project short-term rates will rise above 4.25% by year's end, signal further large increases at coming meetings

S E E D E D   C O N T E N T



WASHINGTON—The Federal Reserve approved its third consecutive interest-rate rise of 0.75 percentage point and signaled additional large increases were likely at coming meetings as it combats inflation that remains near a 40-year high.

The decision Wednesday—unanimously supported by the Fed's 12-member rate-setting committee—will lift its benchmark federal-funds rate to a range between 3% and 3.25%, a level last seen in early 2008.

Most of the 19 officials who participated at the Fed’s policy meeting expect to lift the rate at least by another 1.25 percentage point by December, to a range between 4.25% and 4.5%, according to their new projections, released Wednesday. The Fed has two more meetings this year.

Officials’ projections show greater uncertainty over what might happen to rates after that. Around one third of officials expect rates to stay above 4% through 2024, and another third see the Fed cutting rates to between 2.5% and 3.5% in 2024. The remaining third have rates declining to somewhere in between.

“We have both the tools we need and the resolve that it will take to restore price stability on behalf of American families and businesses,” said Fed Chairman Jerome Powell at a news conference on Wednesday afternoon.

Fed officials are raising rates at the most rapid pace since the 1980s and have approved increases at five consecutive policy meetings, starting in March when they lifted rates from near zero. Until June, the Fed hadn’t raised rates by 0.75 point since 1994.

The central bank has also initiated a program to withdraw stimulus by shrinking its $8.8 trillion asset portfolio through attrition; the Fed is passively reducing its holdings by up to $95 billion a month as those securities mature.

Wednesday’s projections showed that most officials expect higher unemployment over the next year, implying rising  recession risks . The median projection showed officials expect the unemployment rate,  which stood at 3.7% in August , could rise to 4.4% at the end of 2023. That type of increase has seldom occurred without a recession.

Officials revised higher their inflation forecasts over the next year. They projected so-called core inflation, which excludes volatile food and energy prices, at 4.5% by the end of this year, above their projections of 4.3% in June and 4.1% in March. The Fed seeks average annual inflation of 2%.

“Inflation is running too hot. You don’t need to know much more than that,” said Mr. Powell. “If that’s the one thing you know…it’s that this committee is committed to getting to a meaningful, restrictive stance of policy and staying there until we feel confident that inflation is coming down.”

Officials projected core inflation would fall to 3.1% by the end of 2023, up from a projection of 2.7% in June.

Core prices rose 4.6% in July from a year earlier, as  measured by the Fed’s preferred gauge , the Commerce Department’s personal-consumption expenditures price index. Based on more recent data, Wall Street forecasters estimate the measure rose 4.8% in August.

A separate inflation measure released last week, the Labor Department’s core consumer-price index,  rose 6.3% in August  from a year earlier. Inflation hasn’t significantly worsened this summer, but it hasn’t improved, either.  Falling gasoline prices  held down overall inflation in July and August, but  climbing housing costs  and prices for services such as dental and hospital visits, haircuts and car repairs  have kept inflation elevated .

Meantime, the labor market has remained strong despite signs of a slowdown in some parts of the economy. The economy has added an average of 380,000 jobs monthly over the past six months, far above the rate of about 50,000 that economists think would keep the unemployment rate steady. Average hourly earnings for private-sector workers rose 5.2% in the 12 months through August,  a level that could keep inflation above  the Fed’s target.

The fed-funds rate, an overnight rate on lending between banks, influences other consumer and business borrowing costs throughout the economy, including rates on  mortgages , credit cards, saving accounts, car loans and corporate debt. Raising rates typically restrains spending, while cutting rates encourages such borrowing.
Other central banks in wealthy economies, including the U.K.,  Europe , and  Canada , have also been raising rates in historically large increments,  creating the most rapid tightening  in global monetary policy since 1989, according to economists at Credit Suisse.

Markets have stumbled over the past month, beginning in late August when  Mr. Powell warned  that continued rate rises would “bring some pain to households and businesses.” Expectations for tighter policy escalated again after last week’s inflation report, driving yields on the policy sensitive 2-year Treasury note to a 15-year high.


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Vic Eldred
Professor Principal
1  seeder  Vic Eldred    6 days ago

In times like these we remember the man who did what needed to be done to defeat inflation:

"On taking power, he would quickly raise interest rates to unheard-of levels – topping out at over 20% in 1980. The result was a debilitating recession, marked by double-digit unemployment. Yet, the memory of this recession also scarred US workers for decades, repressing inflation in an enduring way. Looking back, Volcker recalled in his memoirs that:

"after years of compromise and flinching from a head-on attack on inflation, it was time to act – to send a convincing message to the markets and to the public."




23746989164_78beedfc9f_k.jpg
Ronald Reagan with Paul Volcker in 1981 (Photo: Bettmann)
 
 
 
Ronin2
Professor Quiet
2  Ronin2    6 days ago

Brandon and the Democrats are denying inflation even exists.

How can they combat a problem they are ignoring?

 
 
 
JBB
Professor Principal
3  JBB    6 days ago

The Fed is curbing inflation in a temporarily painful but effective way!

 
 
 
Vic Eldred
Professor Principal
3.1  seeder  Vic Eldred  replied to  JBB @3    6 days ago
The Fed is curbing inflation in a temporarily painful

Oh yes. There are many investors who got addicted to zero interest rates. The party is over and the "curbing," as you call it, is just beginning!

 
 
 
Ozzwald
Professor Quiet
3.2  Ozzwald  replied to  JBB @3    6 days ago

The Fed is curbing inflation in a temporarily painful but effective way!

They complain if the Biden administration doesn't do anything, and they complain when the Biden administration does do something.

Somebody is just never happy.  But I have heard from Trump that inflation will magically disappear by Easter....

 
 
 
Vic Eldred
Professor Principal
3.2.1  seeder  Vic Eldred  replied to  Ozzwald @3.2    6 days ago

Show me where I'm complaining about rate hikes?

 
 
 
Ender
Professor Principal
3.2.2  Ender  replied to  Vic Eldred @3.2.1    6 days ago

It seems like you are saying no interest rates is a dumb thing yet turn around and act like rising them is also a dumb thing.

Sort of a both sides thing.

 
 
 
Vic Eldred
Professor Principal
3.2.3  seeder  Vic Eldred  replied to  Ender @3.2.2    6 days ago
It seems like you are saying no interest rates is a dumb thing yet turn around and act like rising them is also a dumb thing.

Show me where you see me saying I'm against rate hikes?

If anything, I'd like to see a 2 Point hike.


Sort of a both sides thing.

Again, show us!

 
 
 
Ender
Professor Principal
3.2.4  Ender  replied to  Vic Eldred @3.2.3    6 days ago

I never said you were against rake hikes. 

 
 
 
Vic Eldred
Professor Principal
4  seeder  Vic Eldred    6 days ago

They were counting on the likes of Jerome Powell.

Even Powell and the Fed's 12-member rate-setting committee know how bad this mess is. 

 
 
 
magicschoolbusdropout
Freshman Principal
5  magicschoolbusdropout    6 days ago

The “pain” Americans are likely to endure from higher U.S. interest rates is a tepid economy in 2023 and rising layoffs and unemployment, the Federal Reserve predicts.

In updated forecasts, the Fed predicts the economy will grow at a meager 0.2% annual pace this year and and a lackluster 1.2% next year — well below the outsized 5.7% gain in 2021.

The unemployment rate, meanwhile, is forecast to rise to as high as 4.4% in 2023 and stay there through 2024. The current jobless rate is 3.7%, just a few ticks above a half-century low.

I give the Idea a massive "Thumbs Up" .................. for Republicans chances of taking over EVERYTHING in Government ! 

256

 
 
 
Vic Eldred
Professor Principal
6  seeder  Vic Eldred    6 days ago

Didn't somebody tell us all this would happen?

th?id=OIP.EfkNmABN9g7CJgFnp9YoGQHaEL&pid=Api&P=0

 
 
 
Ozzwald
Professor Quiet
6.1  Ozzwald  replied to  Vic Eldred @6    6 days ago
Didn't somebody tell us all this would happen?

Didn't someone also tell us that COVID would be gone by Easter 2020?

 
 
 
Vic Eldred
Professor Principal
6.1.1  seeder  Vic Eldred  replied to  Ozzwald @6.1    4 days ago

The same guy who said he could have a vaccine in 10 months?

 
 
 
Greg Jones
Professor Guide
7  Greg Jones    6 days ago

Don't tell Joe, but after bottoming out briefly at $3.42,  the price of gas here in Denver is now $3.59

 
 
 
Ender
Professor Principal
7.1  Ender  replied to  Greg Jones @7    6 days ago

I hate to be the bearer of bad tidings yet gas is never going to be a dollar a gallon again.

 
 

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