NEW REPORT SAYS NOT TO USE ELECTRIC FANS IN EXTREME HEAT

  
Via:  buzz-of-the-orient  •  3 weeks ago  •  8 comments

NEW REPORT SAYS NOT TO USE ELECTRIC FANS IN EXTREME HEAT

S E E D E D   C O N T E N T


NEW REPORT SAYS NOT TO USE ELECTRIC FANS IN EXTREME HEAT


When temps are dangerously high and humidity is low, fans can actually make a person feel hotter, increasing strain on the heart and raising core temperature


BY REUTERS, Reported by Jerusalem Post, AUGUST 6, 2019


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Kawasaki electric fan. (photo credit: Wikimedia Commons)


In extreme heat, electric fans may offer some relief when it's very humid, but when temps are dangerously high and humidity is low, fans can actually make a person feel hotter, increasing strain on the heart and raising core temperature, a new report warns.  

The authors point out that current guidelines for fan use are based on the "heat index" rather than the actual temperature, but "a combined value such as heat index (HI) is not appropriate for advising whether fans should be used or not," said the study's senior author, Ollie Jay, associate professor in the faculty of health sciences and director of the Thermal Ergonomics Laboratory at the University of Sydney, Australia.


Jay added, "In very-hot dry conditions the HI was relatively lower, yet fans were detrimental; but in hot-humid conditions the HI was relatively higher and fans were beneficial."


In their study, published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, Jay and colleagues found that in the very hot-arid condition, fans could increase body temperature and also cardiovascular strain. That "means that the heart has to do extra work to maintain blood pressure because as one gets hot, blood is diverted to the skin to facilitate cooling and the heart must beat more times per minute," Jay said in an email. "Another form of strain (on the body) is dehydration, which also contributes to increases in body temperature and cardiovascular strain."


To take a closer look at the conditions under which fans can cool, the researchers recruited 12 men who were not taking any medication and had no medical conditions that would alter their ability to thermoregulate. All of the men completed four two-hour sessions, each of which occurred on a different day.



The men were asked to sit in a climatic chamber that simulated either very hot, dry conditions or hot, humid conditions. The heat index for the humid runs was higher than for the arid runs even though the temperature was lower in the humid condition.


The men's temperature was measured rectally and heart strain was assessed using three-lead electrocardiography and blood pressure. The researchers measured dehydration by keeping track of sweat.


Fan use in the humid conditions (temperature at 104 F/40 C, humidity at 50% and HI at 132.8) reduced core temperature and cardiovascular strain while improving comfort. In the arid conditions (temperature at 116.6 F/47 C, humidity at 10% and HI at 114.8) fan use raised core temperatures and cardiovascular strain and made the men feel hotter, even though the heat index was lower than it was in the humid condition.


While the researchers used pedestal fans for their study, "the principles are the same for a ceiling fan," Jay said.


The new study "is very interesting," said Dr. Matthew Levy, an associate professor of emergency medicine at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. "There are some significant takeaways: people in hot, humid conditions tend to do better with a fan. In situations where air conditioning is not possible, this means people would do better with a fan than nothing at all."



That's because the fans can help with heat loss through evaporation of sweat, Levy said. "But in a dry environment, the fans just push more warm air toward you," he added.

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Buzz of the Orient
1  seeder  Buzz of the Orient    3 weeks ago

And when in China....

fans-clipart-chinese-culture-8.jpg

 
 
 
MrFrost
2  MrFrost    3 weeks ago

We were in the mid-90's today, humidity around 70%. I just turn on the AC and use fans to move the air around in the house. I get the story though, sweating is how we cool ourselves off, using a fan dries the sweat before it can be of any benefit. 

Drinking lots of fluids is always a must but drinking too much water will flush the electrolytes out of your system. I drink gatorade on hot days to avoid losing electrolytes. 

 
 
 
Buzz of the Orient
2.1  seeder  Buzz of the Orient  replied to  MrFrost @2    3 weeks ago

Thanks for the advice about drinking water.  I use a cold mix of orange juice and light cranberry juice as a cooling drink. Hopefully it will help retain my electrolytes. 

 
 
 
MrFrost
2.1.1  MrFrost  replied to  Buzz of the Orient @2.1    3 weeks ago

OJ is a good source. Pretty much anything is fine, the point is that too much water isn't a great idea. 

 
 
 
Tacos!
3  Tacos!    3 weeks ago

The men's temperature was measured rectally

9097e8794a3bd09b2a4e9efe859802ee.jpeg

I'll tell ya what, it's not a "dry heat" up there, amiright?

1328554698663.jpg

 
 
 
Buzz of the Orient
3.1  seeder  Buzz of the Orient  replied to  Tacos! @3    3 weeks ago

I really don't understand the point of this comment, but I won't delete it as off topic since others might comprehend it.

 
 
 
Tacos!
3.1.1  Tacos!  replied to  Buzz of the Orient @3.1    3 weeks ago

Just struck me funny, in a 5th grade kind of way.

 
 
 
MUVA
4  MUVA    3 weeks ago

About a week ago it was near 100 and the fan was just blowing hot air it wasn't refreshing at  we actually sent everyone home early 1st time in 30 years.

 
 
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