Louisiana's Poverty Point Earthworks Show Early Native Americans Were 'Incredible Engineers' |Smart News | Smithsonian Magazine

  

Category:  History & Sociology

Via:  kavika  •  one week ago  •  15 comments

By:   Livia Gershon (Smithsonian Magazine)

Louisiana's Poverty Point Earthworks Show Early Native Americans Were 'Incredible Engineers' |Smart News    | Smithsonian Magazine
A new study finds that enormous mounds and concentric earthen ridges were built in a matter of months

S E E D E D   C O N T E N T



A new study finds that enormous mounds and concentric earthen ridges were built in a matter of months


The mounds still rise as much as 66 feet above ground, more than 3,000 years after they were constructed. (howderfamily.com via Flickr under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) By Livia Gershon smithsonianmag.com
September 8, 2021

New research shows that people who lived in what's now north Louisiana around 3,400 years ago had sophisticated engineering expertise, David Nield reports for Science Alert . The remains of earthen mounds built by the mysterious civilization still rise as much as 66 feet above the ground at Poverty Point, Louisiana. The new study, published in the journal Southeastern Archaeology, finds that people of the region raised the enormous earthworks in a matter of months or even just weeks.

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"One of the most remarkable things is that these earthworks have held together for more than 3,000 years with no failure or major erosion," study author Tristram R. Kidder, an anthropologist at the University of Washington in St. Louis, says in a statement. "By comparison, modern bridges, highways and dams fail with amazing regularity because building things out of dirt is more complicated than you would think. They really were incredible engineers with very sophisticated technical knowledge."

Even in the face of frequent, heavy rainfall, the mounds have apparently held together for so long thanks to this knowledge. Using microscopic analysis of the soils that make up the mounds, the new study shows that builders mixed different types of clays, silts and sand to make the construction more durable.

"Similar to the Roman concrete or rammed earth in China, Native Americans discovered sophisticated ways of mixing different types of materials to make them virtually indestructible, despite not being compacted," Kidder says in the statement. "There's some magic there that our modern engineers have not been able to figure out yet."

The researchers determined the rapid pace of construction using radiocarbon dating and magnetic measurements of soils. They found no evidence that rain or wind weathered the materials between stages of construction, suggesting that there were no significant pauses in the process.

Archaeologists investigated the construction process for the earthworks. (Southeastern Archaeology)

"Between the speed of the excavation and construction, and the quantity of earth being moved, these data show us native people coming to the site and working in concert," Kidder says in the statement. "This in and of itself is remarkable because hunter-gatherers aren't supposed to be able to do these activities."

Even more remarkably, the mounds' builders did their completed the structures without work animals or wheeled carts, the New York Post 's Hannah Sparks reports.

Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point became a Unesco World Heritage site in 2014. The 400-acre site holds five mounds and six C-shaped concentric ridges. Unesco notes that one exceptional aspect of the site is that it was built by people who supported themselves by hunting, gathering and fishing. In contrast, many later monuments were made by people living in farming economies. Researchers suspect the site was a center of religious activity for the region, as well as a home to some people.

According to the Poverty Point World Heritage Site tourism website, the site was at the center of an expansive trade network that brought tons of rocks and minerals from as far as 800 miles away. In a place with few rocks nearby, locals used imported stone to craft weapons and tools. Artifacts found at the site included owls carved from red jasper stone and ceramic human figurines. Local people lived in houses built with wooden posts and a woven framework of sticks covered in mud. Unlike in many parts of North America, the mounds were not burial sites or trash heaps and instead may have been designed to showcase the wealth and power of the people who made them.

The site was abandoned abruptly between 3,000 and 3,200 years ago, probably due to flooding in the Mississippi Valley. While other people later occupied part of the site around 700 A.D., it remained mostly abandoned until the 19th century.

Additional links with photos and maps of the area. 

https://www.louisianatravel.com/articles/secrets-poverty-point


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Kavika
Professor Principal
1  seeder  Kavika     one week ago

NO POLITICS

Ancient Native American civilizations were far more sophisticated than they have been given credit for. This is but one example.

 
 
 
Trout Giggles
Professor Principal
2  Trout Giggles    one week ago

I looked up where Poverty Point is and I've passed near there quite a bit in the last few years. I am truly amazed at what ancient peoples could do.

There's a historic place not too far from where I live called Toltec Mounds. There are 2 mounds there but no concentric circles. It's an interesting place. There's quite a few mounds in Arkansas and Mississippi, too

 
 
 
Kavika
Professor Principal
2.1  seeder  Kavika   replied to  Trout Giggles @2    one week ago

The ''Mound Builders'' civilizations were numerous and quite extensive there are some as far north as Ohio where the ''Serpent Mound'' is. Of course, the massive city and mound of the Cahokia are simply stunning in its size and advanced engineering. They are close to St. Louis MO.

 
 
 
Trout Giggles
Professor Principal
2.1.1  Trout Giggles  replied to  Kavika @2.1    one week ago

I've seen photos of the Serpent Mound. That one is quite fascinating

 
 
 
evilgenius
Professor Guide
3  evilgenius    one week ago

I read about Cahokia, but I hadn't heard of any further south. Nice find!

 
 
 
SteevieGee
Senior Silent
4  SteevieGee    one week ago

Mrs. Gee and I have been watching Native America on pbs.  Absolutely fascinating.

 
 
 
Kavika
Professor Principal
4.1  seeder  Kavika   replied to  SteevieGee @4    one week ago

It's a great series, SteevieGee. If you can find it PBS did a great documentary on the Ojibwe people (my tribe) entitled, ''Wassa Inaabidaa'' (we look in all directions).

 
 
 
Freefaller
PhD Participates
5  Freefaller    6 days ago

Note only was their engineering sophisticated but I bet if there's further studies they'll find these mounds (like others) also show in-depth stellar knowledge as well

 
 
 
Kavika
Professor Principal
5.1  seeder  Kavika   replied to  Freefaller @5    6 days ago

I'm sure that they will, Freefaller. It seems to me that all of the ancient civilizations in the Americas were quite advanced in that aspect of their lives.

 
 
 
Ender
Professor Principal
6  Ender    6 days ago

Amazing they were built and still there to this day. I think there are about 11 mound sites in Mississippi.

I have never been to one of them. I need to one of these days.

 
 
 
Kavika
Professor Principal
6.1  seeder  Kavika   replied to  Ender @6    6 days ago
I have never been to one of them. I need to one of these days.

You surely need to see them, Ender.

 
 
 
Sister Mary Agnes Ample Bottom
Professor Guide
7  Sister Mary Agnes Ample Bottom    6 days ago

I love this stuff.  It's really the only meaningful education I receive these days.  Thanks, Prof. Kavika.

 
 
 
Kavika
Professor Principal
7.1  seeder  Kavika   replied to  Sister Mary Agnes Ample Bottom @7    6 days ago

Your welcome, Sister.

 
 
 
CB
Professor Principal
8  CB     5 days ago

We all belong on this planet together. If we could go back far enough we're see all the same skin color as we are in the same 'skin.' We need to enjoy and adore our one family of humanity.  Oh, the things we could accomplish if we just put our minds to it.

I think this is beautiful and proves the point. We're all needed and bring something to the 'table' of our planet.

 
 
 
Perrie Halpern R.A.
Professor Principal
9  Perrie Halpern R.A.    5 days ago

What an amazing story. I never knew about this. And I was even more amazed when I saw the link. I would like to go there and see this for myself. Thanks for sharing!

 
 
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