Space telescope's 'golden eye' opens, last major hurdle


Category:  Health, Science & Technology

Via:  freefaller  •  2 weeks ago  •  9 comments

Space telescope's 'golden eye' opens, last major hurdle

S E E D E D   C O N T E N T

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) — NASA’s new space telescope opened its huge, gold-plated, flower-shaped mirror Saturday, the final step in the observatory's dramatic unfurling.

The last portion of the 21-foot (6.5-meter) mirror swung into place at flight controllers’ command, completing the unfolding of the James Webb Space Telescope.

“I’m emotional about it. What an amazing milestone. We see that beautiful pattern out there in the sky now,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, chief of NASA’s science missions.

More powerful than the Hubble Space Telescope, the $10 billion Webb will scan the cosmos for light streaming from the first stars and galaxies formed 13.7 billion years ago. To accomplish this, NASA had to outfit Webb with the largest and most sensitive mirror ever launched — its “golden eye,” as scientists call it.

Webb is so big that it had to be folded orgami-style to fit in the rocket that soared from South America two weeks ago. The riskiest operation occurred earlier in the week, when the tennis court-size sunshield unfurled, providing subzero shade for the mirror and infrared detectors.

Flight controllers in Baltimore began opening the primary mirror Friday, unfolding the left side like a drop-leaf table. The mood was even more upbeat Saturday, with peppy music filling the control room as the right side snapped into place. After applauding, the controllers immediately got back to work, latching everything down. They jumped to their feet, exchanged high-fives and cheered from behind masks when the operation was finally complete 2 1/2 hours later, doing their best to remain socially distant because of the global surge in COVID-19 cases.

“We have a deployed telescope on orbit, a magnificent telescope the likes of which the world has never seen,” Zurbuchen said, congratulating the team. “So how does it feel to make history, everybody? You just did it.”

His counterpart at the European Space Agency, astronomer Antonella Nota, noted that after years of preparation, the team made everything look “so amazingly easy.”

“This is the moment we have been waiting for, for so long,” she said.

Webb's main mirror is made of beryllium, a lightweight yet sturdy and cold-resistant metal. Each of its 18 segments is coated with an ultra thin layer of gold, highly reflective of infrared light. The hexagonal, coffee table-size segments must be adjusted in the weeks ahead so they can focus as one on stars, galaxies and alien worlds that might hold atmospheric signs of life.

“It's like we have 18 mirrors that are right now little prima donnas all doing their own thing, singing their own tune in whatever key they're in, and we have to make them work like a chorus and that is a methodical, laborious process," operations project scientist Jane Rigby told reporters.

Webb should reach its destination 1 million miles (1.6 million kilometers) away in another two weeks; it's already more than 667,000 miles (1 million kilometers) from Earth since its Christmas Day launch. If all continues to go well, science observations will begin this summer. Astronomers hope to peer back to within 100 million years of the universe-forming Big Bang, closer than Hubble has achieved.

Project manager Bill Ochs stressed the team isn't letting its guard down, despite the unprecedented successes of the past two weeks.

“It's not downhill from here. It's all kind of a level playing field," he said.


jrDiscussion - desc
PhD Participates
1  seeder  Freefaller    2 weeks ago

An amazing moment, I look forward to it's observations and discoveries

Professor Principal
2  Kavika     2 weeks ago

This is great, I'm looking forward to new and exciting dicoveries.

Split Personality
PhD Principal
3  Split Personality    2 weeks ago

Hubble just produced a stunning vision of a galaxy 215 million light years away.

Webb should make that look like childs play.

Professor Principal
4  TᵢG    2 weeks ago

An amazing piece of technology.   We will now have an entirely new glimpse at the cosmos.

Senior Silent
4.1  SteevieGee  replied to  TᵢG @4    2 weeks ago

I'm on the edge of my seat.  I feel like Richie Rich on Christmas Eve.

Sophomore Quiet
5  squiggy    2 weeks ago

“…the 21-foot (6.5-meter) mirror…”

Here we go again.

PhD Participates
5.1  seeder  Freefaller  replied to  squiggy @5    2 weeks ago

While making large telescope mirrors is tricky and delicate I'm sure lessons were learned from Hubble's mistake and hope it doesn't recur

Buzz of the Orient
Professor Principal
6  Buzz of the Orient    2 weeks ago

Between that amazing new eye in the sky and the huge new Chinese radio-telescope maybe they will make Carl Sagan's dreams come true.

Sophomore Participates
7  shona1    2 weeks ago

Anoon.... Space the final frontier..

 Go NASA...


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